Athens is an authentication system that allows users in a
given institution to access all of the databases available to that
institution using a single password, instead of having to use different
passwords for each database.
Authentication determines if you are
allowed into that account. Identification occurs before authentication.
A message given to a Web
browser by a Web server. The browser stores the message in a text file.
The message is then sent back to the server each time the browser requests
a page from the server. The main purpose of cookies is to identify users.
system designed to prevent unauthorized access to or from a private
network. Firewalls are frequently used to prevent unauthorized Internet
users from accessing private networks connected to the Internet. All
messages entering or leaving the
pass through the firewall, which examines each message and blocks those
that do not meet the specified security criteria. Can also act as a Proxy
Server. The important thing to remember is that if you are going through a
firewall server, we will need the IP address of the server in order to
is our new and dynamic management tool that replaces IT Config. This
Web-based administrative and reporting utility gives you the ability to
easily manage your library's resources.
With the Gale Admin tool you can:
- Customize and personalize settings easily to suit your specific needs
- Access up-to-date usage statistics using the new Gale Usage Portal from
within the Gale Admin tool.
- Easily manage individual product preferences via a new Product Preference
- Control authentication, including passwords, IP addresses, remote
- Set up barcode authorization and referring URLs
Identification is the process in which we
determine which account you are wanting to log into.
An IP address is an internet address that
enables computers to talk to each other. The format
of an IP address is a 32-bit numeric address written as four numbers
separated by periods. Each number can be zero to 255. For example,
18.104.22.168 could be an IP address. IP addresses starting with 10
[10.xxx.xxx.xxx] are part of a private network which accesses the internet
through a proxy server. The only IP which we need to add to our database
to allow IP authentication is the IP address of the proxy server and not
Gale uses 2 types of passwords :
Location password, which allows access for a session. The next time you
access the database, you will need to enter the password again.
Cookie password, which after you enter it the first time, adds a cookie to
your P.C.. This cookie will be used for authentication the next time you access
the database. We can define the life of the cookie e.g. 365 days, so that
the user will have access to the databases for the next 12 months without
having to enter a password. Clearing the cookies on your machine will
eliminate the Gale cookie and you will be prompted again for a password.
server that sits between a client application, such as a Web browser [on
the users P.C.] and the target server [in this case Infotrac servers]. It
intercepts all requests to the target server to see if it can fulfill the
requests itself. If not, it forwards the request to the target server.
Intercepts all messages entering and leaving the network. The proxy server
effectively hides the true network addresses. The important thing to
remember is that if you are going through a proxy server, we will need the
IP address of the server in order to authenticate you.
The URL from which the user entered the site. If you are using
security software, the referring url will be the url of the server where
the software resides. The domain name [first segment of the url e.g.
www.domainname.com] is sufficient for referring url authentication.
A computer program usually written
in cgi-perl or java which gives instructions to the main program. When
used for remote access validation, the script will communicate with InfoTrac Web and
validate the password submitted by your end user to access your
Glossary for Statistics
Service : A branded group of online information products
from one or morevendors that can be subscribed to/licensed and searched as
a complete collection or at a lower level.
Sessions (Sessns) :Cycle of user activities that starts
when a user connects to a database and ends by connecting to another
database or leaving the service through a logout or timeout due to user
Fulltext (FT) : Sum of only full text records examined
downloaded or otherwise supplied to user to the extent these are recordable and controlled by the Gale server rather than the browser.
Separate reporting of full text usage by database began in June 2003.
Retrievals (Rtrvls) : Sum of all full text abstract and
extended citation records examined downloaded or otherwise supplied to
user to the extent these are recordable and controlled by the Gale server
rather than the browser.
Searches (Srches) : A specific intellectual query
submitted through a search form to the database.
Turnaways (Trnwy) : A turnaway (rejected session) is
defined as an unsuccessful log-in to an electronic service by exceeding
the simultaneous user limit.
Internal Usage/Remote Usage :
Gale reports internal and remote access statistics separately on usage